Australia is one of the most beautiful countries in the world, with incredible natural scenery. Australia, which is surrounded by sea, has a lengthy coastline that is home to some of its most popular beaches and biggest cities. Another option is to explore the vast tracts of bush, which are home to a remarkable array of flora and fauna. The center of this enormous landmass is the vast Outback wilderness.
With features like the incredibly dry Uluru in the country’s center and the incredibly wet Great Barrier Reef that covers a considerable chunk of the west coast, Australia has a widely diversified landscape. Tropics can also be found in the north, while in the southeast, there are mountain ranges covered in snow.
7-New South Wales & ACT
New South Wales, the state with the biggest population, is home to Sydney, arguably the most famous city in all of Australia. Sydney, the state capital of New South Wales, was established in 1788 and is the location of iconic buildings including the Sydney Opera House and the beautiful Sydney Harbor Bridge.
Victorian architecture is extremely beautiful, especially in The Rocks, the city’s oldest area. Walkers can take a stroll along the coastal route from Central Sydney to Manly, which is home to a large beach and decent surf.
Along the coast of New South Wales are well-known seaside communities such as whale-watching hotspots Byron Bay, Port Macquarie, and Coffs Harbour.
The state’s southern section is home to the Australian Capital Territory, which was given that name since Canberra, Australia’s capital, is situated there. The city is well-known for its lavish government structures, wide boulevards, and top-notch hiking routes in the nearby hills.
Inland, the Blue Mountains are renowned for their breathtaking scenery and unique way of life.
Victoria is a state that is south of New South Wales and north of Tasmania. Expect stunning surf beaches, rich farmland, and a variety of rugged national parks on its center and southwest borders.
One such park is Alpine National Park, so named because it contains Mount Bogong, the state’s highest peak, and has gently undulating alpine valleys (1,986m).
The state’s capital, Melbourne, serves as Victoria’s metropolitan core. Outside of its towering buildings, this hipster-friendly city is filled with vegan cafes, live music venues, and eccentric shops. It’s also kind of a mecca for foodies. Another option is Melbourne Cricket Ground, the largest stadium in both Australia and the entire southern hemisphere.
Nearby is the Yarra Valley. Wine lovers should visit this area, which is Australia’s top wine-producing region.
The Great Ocean Road, which stretches 243 kilometers from Allansford in Victoria’s west to Torquay in its east, is a popular spot for road trips.
Queensland is the nation’s closest point to Asia since it is home to Australia’s northernmost tropical islands, which are situated just off the coast of Papua New Guinea. The beautiful, varied beach stretches the full length of its eastern coast, with New South Wales to the south, the Northern Territory and South Australia to the west.
The coastal cities of Brisbane and the Gold Coast are both well-known beach (and party) destinations in Queensland, but none is as well-known as the Great Barrier Reef. This reef system, which is the biggest in the world, covers much of Queensland’s coastline.
From Queensland’s far tropical north, Cairns makes a fantastic base for experiencing this spectacular wonder of the world. Further down the coast, you can visit the huge Fraser Island, the only place on Earth where a rainforest grows on coral beach, or you can explore the relaxed Whitsunday Islands.
The Northern Territory is located in a dry area. Uluru, one of Australia’s most recognizable monuments, is located in the south, while Darwin, the state’s capital and largest city, is located in the north.
One of the 52 national parks in the Northern Territory is Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Area, which includes this sandstone monolith, popularly known as Ayers Rock. The park is also the location of numerous additional sandstone domes and outcrops. This ancient rock is revered by the Aboriginal people; it is not meant to be scaled. In actuality, there is an abundance of Aboriginal art to be enjoyed close by.
The town that is nearest to Uluru is Alice Springs, which is still 450 kilometers distant. This outback enclave is the largest town in Australia’s “Red Centre,” a region renowned for its remote Aboriginal villages and dry landscape.
The state’s Top End is the location of the spectacular Kakadu National Park. This is Australia’s biggest national park, and it has rock art, history, and spectacular natural landscapes like the majestic Jim Jim Falls. Additionally, it is widely known for its biodiversity.
South Australia has additional wine country, which reaches all the way from the arid outback in the north to the lovely city of Adelaide. Vineyards and places to sample wine in a lovely setting may be found in the Barossa Valley.
Those seeking an active lifestyle will be drawn to the Flinders Ranges, South Australia’s largest mountain range and a refuge for hikers. For instance, the Wilpena Pound, a magnificent, naturally occurring amphitheater that surrounds St. Mary Mountain, the group’s tallest peak (1,189m).
Despite Adelaide being the region’s largest city, South Australia has many interesting villages to explore. Coober Pedy is one among them. Churches and other structures are buried in this settlement of opal miners.
If you’re looking for something less desert-based, the Yorke Peninsula includes beaches and a rocky shoreline. The adjacent Innes National Park is well-known among birdwatchers despite being stunning and surrounded by vegetation.
Only around 11% of Australia’s population resides in Western Australia, the country’s largest state; the majority of them live in and around Perth, the state’s capital. To give you an idea of its size, the only country subdivision greater than Western Australia is the uncontrolled Sakhala Republic in Russia.
Perth is a remote location. The closest city, with a population of more than a million, is Adelaide, which is more than 2000 kilometers distant. It is frequently ranked as a livable city, but what makes it such a great place to live are the adjacent places, such relaxed Fremantle and the quokka-inhabited Rottnest Island.
There are mountains in the west, beaches in the east, and undeveloped areas in the south in the island state of Tasmania, which is south of Victoria. The second-oldest city in Australia and capital of Tasmania, Hobart, is situated in the southeast.
For those interested in architecture and history, the old Tasmanian Botanical Gardens, the underground Museum of Old and New Art (MONA), and nearby Mount Wellington are all fantastic places to visit.
Beach enthusiasts should visit the east coast, which features stretches of sand and sea that were formerly regarded as some of the best beaches in the world. Must-see destinations include Wine Glass Bay and Bay of Fires.